Endometriosis is a common cause of pelvic pain.  It is a result of tissue from the lining of the uterus growing in places in the body other than the uterus; commonly on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder, and other surfaces within the female pelvis.  Rarely, endometriosis may occur at sites far from the uterus like the lungs or nostrils.


Endometriosis is most common in women in their 30s and 40s but can occur at any time.  It is more common in women without children and especially in women whose female family members have had endometriosis.


Endometriosis causes pelvic pain.  At times the pain is timed with the onset of menstruation.  Other women have pain at various times throughout the month.  Pain may also occur with intercourse, during urination, during bowel movements.  Endometriosis may also cause irregular bleeding and a sensation of needing to urinate frequently, similar to a urinary tract infection.


Diagnosis is made via looking directly inside the body via laparoscopy.  Once diagnosis is made treatment may commence and can vary with the severity of the disease itself.  Treatment may include medications, surgery, or a combination of both.  However, even with treatment, symptoms may gradually return.



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